The role of vocational training centers in socioeconomic empowerment of women in Nakuru Town, Kenya
Keywords:Skills training, Social economic empowerment, Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), Human capital, Vocational training centers, Cultural and traditional duties.
The project sought to look into the role of the Community vocational training centers in the wider socio-economic empowerment of women. It aimed to find out the effects of skills training on social-economic empowerment of women, examine the impact of Technical and Vocational Education and Training on social-economic empowerment of women and explore ways of improving the performance of Technical and Vocational Education and Training on social-economic empowerment of women. The study adopted a quantitative descriptive and explanatory design. This way the detailed description comes before the final explanation. The study primarily depended on questionnaires to get study data. Findings indicate that indeed vocational training can enable women to create employment opportunities and give them access to the job market. The findings identified equal pay, access to education (including vocational training), Gender equality in the workplace, respect for human rights and non-discrimination, and gender-sensitive recruitment as factors that TVETs use to reduce discrimination and improve women’s quality of life. Vocational training centers are still subject to negative perceptions where people think that they are “lesser” institutions. The vocational centers need to shed the label that they are for failures, that they are lesser institutions, and that they are not prestigious enough. Improvement can also come through advocacy. Overall, the study ascertained that vocational training provides positive outcomes especially in the lives of women and girls. They get to enjoy increased wages, employment mobility, employment opportunities, entrepreneurship and social transformation. Therefore, there should be an increase in the number of vocational centers.
Adema, L. C., Malietso, M. C., & Anyanje, S. T. (2019). Influence Of Stakeholder Empowerment On Sustainability Of Social Based Corporate Projects In TVETs In Western Kenya. International Journal of Project Management, 2(3).
Ahamad, T., Sinha, A., & Shastri, R. K. (2016). Women Empowerment through Skills Development & Vocational Education. SMS Journal of Entrepreneurship & Innovation, 2(2), 76-81.
Bresnahan, T., Rizzo, A., Burke, S., Partin, M., Ahlness, R., & Trimmer, M. (2016). Using virtual interactive training agents with adults with autism and other developmental disabilities. In Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Disability. Los Angeles, CA: Virtual Reality & Associated Technologies. J Autism Dev Disord 48, 905–912 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3374-z
Buehren, N., & Van Salisbury, T. (2017). Female Enrollment in Male-Dominated Vocational Training Courses. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/27481 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
Chowdhury, E. H. (2015). Rethinking patriarchy, culture and masculinity: transnational narratives of gender violence and human rights advocacy. Journal of International Women's Studies, 16(2), 98-114.
Falavigna, G., Ragazzi, E., & Sella, L. (2015). Gender Inequalities and Labour Market Inclusion. An Integrated Approach to Vocational Training in Piedmont. Politica economica, 31(1), 97-120.
Goel, D., & Vijay, P. (2017). Echnical and vocational education and training (tvet) systemin india for sustainable development.
Hamisu, M. A., Salleh, K. M., Sern, L. C., Adamu, B. Y., & Gambo, K. (2017). Proposed Competency Model for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Lecturers Teaching in Technical Colleges, Bauchi State in Perspective. Traektoriâ Nauki= Path of Science, 3(9).
Hicks, J. H., Kremer, M., Mbiti, I., & Miguel, E. (2013). Vocational education in Kenya: Evidence from a randomized evaluation among youth. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University.
Hilal, R., & McGrath, S. (2016). The role of vocational education and training in Palestine in addressing inequality and promoting human development. Journal of International and Comparative Education, 5(2), 87-102.
Jaquette, J. S. (2018). Liberalism, feminism and the global political economy of liberal feminism. In Handbook on the International Political Economy of Gender. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Johnson, E. J. (2015). Empowerment of women through vocational training. Basic Research Journal of education Research and Review, 4(2), 37-44
Kanjilal-Bhaduri, S., & Pastore, F. (2018). Returns to Education and Female Participation Nexus: Evidence from India. The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 61(3), 515-536.
Kinney, M. V., Boldosser-Boesch, A., & McCallon, B. (2016). Quality, equity, and dignity for women and babies. The Lancet, 388(10056), 2066-2068.
Law, S. A. (2019). In defense of liberal feminism. In Research Handbook on Feminist Jurisprudence. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Mugenda, O. M. and Mugenda, A. G. (2009). Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (Revised edition) Nairobi: Acts Press.
Mulder, M. (2018). Researching vocational education and training: An international perspective. Journal of Vocational, Adult and Continuing Education and Training, 1(1), 35-35. https://doi.org/10.14426/jovacet.v1i1.302
Orlova, L. V., Sakhabieva, G. A., Vasyaycheva, V. A., & Pronina, N. N. (2016). Impact of educational attainment on the development of female entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9(11).
Sang, A. K., Muthaa, G. M., & Mbugua, Z. K. (2012). Challenges Facing Technical Training in Kenya. Creative Education, 3(01), 109. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2012.31018
Shan, H., Liu, Z., & Li, L. (2015). Vocational training for Liuzhou women in rural China: development by design. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 67(1), 11-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2014.967797
Macmillan, K., Ruth K., & David, L.C. (2011). Successful Fundraising: A strategic and practical guide.
Shetty, S., & Hans, V. (2015). Role of education in women empowerment and development: Issues and impact. Role of Education in Women Empowerment and Development: Issues and Impact (September 26, 2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2665898
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Esther Awuor Ogema, Zablon Mutongu Bundi, Anthony Mkutu, Daniel Omollo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to IJRBS agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution- 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. Authors retain the copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to IJRBS. However, authors are required to transfer copyrights associated with commercial use to the Publisher. The authors agree to the terms of this Copyright Notice, which will apply to this submission if and when it is published by this journal
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication