Bureaucratic management style and workplace well-being of the Divine Word Colleges
Keywords:Bureaucratic management, humanistic management, scientific management, workplace well-being, autonomy, competence need, relatedness need
This study aimed to determine the effect of bureaucratic management on the workplace well-being of the Divine Word Colleges. To establish the theoretical foundation of the study, related literature was reviewed. The study used descriptive assessment and correlational research design and the data were gathered through research questionnaires. To interpret the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used, and therefore, weighted mean was used to determine the level of bureaucratic management, and workplace well-being. While Pearson r correlation was used to determine the correlation between bureaucratic management and workplace well-being. The finding of the study indicated that there is no correlation between bureaucratic management and workplace well-being. Therefore, the hypothesis of the study is rejected. The output of this study contributes to a complex discussion about the effect of bureaucratic management on workplace well-being.
Adaui, C.R.L. & Habisch, A. ( 2013). Humanistic management, Chapters, in: Bruni, L & Zamagni, S. (ed.), Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise, chapter 18, 91-200. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Alromaihi, M.A., Alshomaly, Z.A., & George, S. (2017). Job Satisfaction and Employees Performance: A Theoretical Review of the Relationship of the Two Variables. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, 6(1).
Ariola, M.M. (2006). Principles and Methods of Research. Manila: Rex Book Store
Aron, R. (1994). The Stages of Sociological Thinking. Lisboa: Publica coes Dom Quixote.
Bakotic, D. (2016). Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Performance. Journal of Economic Research, 29 (1).
Balasundaram, N. & Brabete, V. (2010). Job satisfaction and Employees' Work Performance: A Case Study of People's Bank in Jaffna Peninsula, Sri Lanka. Marketing and Management Journal, University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, 10 (1), 43-47.
Barnett, M. & Finnemore, M. (2004). Rules of the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornel University Press, 17-18
Baumeister, R., & Leary, M. (1995). The need to belong. The desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497–529.
Black Dog Institute (n.d). Workplace Well-Being. Retrieved from https://blackdoginstitute.org.au/docs/default-source/factsheets/workplacewellbeing.pdf
CEOPedia (2019). Bureaucratic Leadership. CEOPedia Management Online. https://ceopedia.org
Cherry, K. (2019). Self-Determination Theory and Motivation. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com
Clifford, M. M. (1990). Students need a challenge, not an easy success. Educational Leadership, 48,22–26
deCharms, R. (1968). Personal Causation. New York: Academic Press
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The 'what' and 'why' of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of Behaviour. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum
Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R.M. (2000). "Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions". Contemporary Educational Psychology. 25 (1): 54- 67. https://doi.org/10.1006/ceps.1999.1020
Deming, W.E. (1991). Quality, Productivity, and Competitive Position. California: Quality Enhancement Seminars, Inc.
Drucker, P. (1950). The New Society: The Anatomy of Industrial Order. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Drucker, P. (1990). The New Realities. London: Mandarin
Drury, H. B. (1918). Scientific Management: A History and Criticism. Retrieved from https://www.arcvive.org
Fata, E. (2020). Five Examples of Bureaucratic Leadership in Action. Starting Business. Retrieved from https://www.startingbusiness.com
Gabelli School of Business (n.d). Center for Humanistic Management. New York: Fordham University Press.
Giddens, A. (1997). Sociologia (Sociology). Lisboa: Funda cao Calouste Gulbenkian.
Hammel, G. & Zanini, M. (2017). Assessment: Do You Know How Bureaucratic Your Organization Is? Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org
Harter, S. (1978). Effecting motivation is reconsidered: toward a developmental model. Human Development, 1, 661-669.
Hoppock, R. & Spiegler, S. (1935). Job Satisfaction. New York: Harper and Brothers
Howard, P.K. (2012). To Fix America’s Education Bureaucracy, We Need to Destroy It. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com
Hulin, C. L., & Judge, T. A. (2003). Job attitudes. In Borman, W.C., Ligen, D.R. & Klimoski, R.J. (Eds.). Handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 255-276.
Humanistic Management Center (2018). The Three Stepped Approach to Humanistic Management. Retrieved from http://humanisticmanagement.org
ILO (2020). Workplace Well-Being. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org
Inuwa, M. (2016). Job satisfaction and Employee Performance: An Empirical Approach. The Millenium University Journal, 1 (1).
Internet Center for Management and Business Administration, (2010). Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management. Retrieved from http://www.netmba.com
Jordan, J. V., Kaplan, A. G., Miller, J. B., Stiver, L. P., & Stiver, J. L. (Eds.). (1991). Women's growth in connection. New York: Guilford Press
Judge, T.A., Thoresen, C.J., Bono, J.E., & Patton, G.K. (2001). The Job Satisfaction-Job Performance Relationship: A Qualitative and Quantitative Review. Psychological Bulletin, 127 (3), 376-407.
Kerstein, S. (2019). Treating Persons as Means. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu
Knowles, M. (1975). Self-Directed Learning. New York: Association Press.
Kukreja, S. (2018). Bureaucratic Leadership Guide: Definitions, Pros & Cons, Examples. Retrieved from https://www.managementstudyhq.com
Landy, F.J. (1989). Psychology of Work Behavior. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole
Langer, J., Feenay, M.K., & Lee, S.E. (2019). Employee Fit and Job Satisfaction in Bureaucratic
and Entrepreneurial Work Environments. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 39(1) 135–155.
Legault, L. (2018). The Need for Autonomy. New York: Springer International Publishing.
Legault, L. (2017). The Need For Competence. New York: Springer International Publishing
Leo XIII (1891). Encyclical-Letter “Rerum Novarum”. Retrieved from https://www.vatican.va
Lilienthal, D.E. (1967). Management: A Humanist Art. New York: Carnegie Institute of Technology.
Locke, E.A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction, in Dunnette, M.D. (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1297-349.
Markus, H.R., & Kitayama, S. (2003) Culture, Self, and the Reality of the Social, Psychological Inquiry, 14:3-4, 277-283, https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2003.9682893
McLeod, S. (2020). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org.
Mele, D. (2016). Understanding Humanistic Management. Humanistic Management Journal, 1, 33-55.
Mitcham, C. & Adam, B. (2005). “Management”, Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Macmillan: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
Moller, A. C., & Deci, E. L. (2010). Interpersonal control, dehumanization, and violence: A self-determination theory perspective. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 13, 41–53
Mulder, P. (2017). Bureaucratic Theory by Max Weber. Toolshero. Retrieved from https://www.toolshero.com
Niemiec, C. P., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). What makes for a life well lived? Autonomy and its relation to full functioning and organismic wellness, In The Oxford handbook of happiness. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 214-226
Nishimura, T., & Zuzuki, T. (2016). Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration in Japan: Controlling for the Big Five Personality Traits. Japanese Psychological Research, 2016, 58 (4), 320–331. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12131
Pirson, M. (2017). Humanistic Management: Protecting Dignity and Promoting Well-Being. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Reeve, J. (2014).Understanding motivation and emotion.Hoboken: Wiley
Reynolds, L. (2018). Six Characteristics of Bureaucracy. Bizfluent. Retrieved from https://bizfluent.com
Ritzer, G. (2004). Enchanting a Disenchanted World: Revolutionizing the Means of Consumptions. Thousands of Oaks, California: Pine Forge Press.
Ryan, R.M. & Deci, E.L. (2019). Brick by Brick: The origins, Development, and Future of self-Determination Theory. Advance in Motivation Science, 6.
Sapmaz, F., Dogan, T., Sapmaz, S., Temizel, S., & Tel, F.D. (2012). Examining Predictive Role of Psychological Need Satisfaction on Happiness in terms of Self-Determination Theory. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 55, 861-868.
Schultz, D. (1982). Psychology and Industry Today. New York: MacMillian Company.
Serpa, S. & Ferreira, M. (2019). The Concept of Bureaucracy by Max Weber. International Journal of Science Studies, 7 (2).
Shiyani, V. (n.d). Job Satisfaction: Meaning, Definition, Importance, factors, Effects, and Theories. Retrieved from https://www.businessmanagementideas.com
Siegal & Lance ( 1987). Personnel and Organizational Psychology, Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin, Inc
Sjöblom, K., Mälkki, K, Sandström, N., & Lonka, K. (2016). Does Physical Environment Contribute to Basic Psychological Needs? A Self-Determination Theory Perspective on Learning in the Chemistry Laboratory. Finland: University of Helsinki. Retrieved from https://journals.sfu.ca
Smith, P.C., Kendal, L.M. & Hulin, C.L. (1969). Measurement of Satisfaction in Work and Retirement. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally
Snizek, W.E. & Bullard, J.H. (1983). Perception of Bureaucracy and Changing Job satisfaction: A Longitudinal Analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 32 (2), 275-287.
Solomos, D.K. (2012). Taylor’s Scientific Management. Review of General Management, 16 (2), 150.
Spector, P.E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes, and consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE
Swart, J.C. (1973). The Worth of Humanistic Management: Some Contemporary Examples. Business Horizons, 16(3), 41-50
Swedberg, R. & Agewal, O. (2005). The Max Weber Dictionary: Key Words and Central Concepts. California: Stanford University Press
Taylor, F.W. (1911). The Principles of Scientific Management. New York: Norton
Thompson, S. (2019). Challenges of Humanistic Management. Management. Retrieved from https://bizfluent.com
Von Berg, A. (2009). Humanisierung der Arbeit. Neue Formen der Arbeitsgestaltung als Determinante von Arbeitszufriedenheit am Beispiel teilautonomer Arbeitsgruppen. Georg- August Universität: Göttingen, 1–2.
Von Kimakowitz, E., Pirson, M., Dierksmeier, C., Spitzeck, H. & Amann, W. (2011). Introduction to Humanistic Management in Practice. New York: Fordham University Press
Vroom, V.H. (1964). Work and Motivation. New York: Wiley
Wrege, C.D. (1991). Frederick W. Taylor: The Father of Scientific Management. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.
Wright, R. G. (2002). Treating Persons as Ends in Themselves: The Legal Implications of Kantian Principle. University of Richmond Law Review, 36 (1).
Zamarripa, J., Medellin, R.R., Perez-Garcia, J.A., Otero-Saborido, F., & Delgado, M. (2020). Mexican Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale in Physical Education. Frontiers in Psychology. 11:253. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00253
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Damianus Abun, Shannare Mica T. Calamaan , Theogenia Magallanes , Mary Joy Encarnacion, Micah Sallong
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to IJRBS agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution- 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. Authors retain the copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to IJRBS. However, authors are required to transfer copyrights associated with commercial use to the Publisher. The authors agree to the terms of this Copyright Notice, which will apply to this submission if and when it is published by this journal
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication