Pak Mun Dam’s long term impact on local residents’ livelihood




Pak Mun Dam, multidimensional well-being, sustainable, water management, development


Multidimensional well-being is an important method for understanding the social functioning of communities affected by the Pak Mun Dam, 26 years after its construction. This is the first quantitative research on the well-being of these communities. In six of eight well-being dimensions, the more distant communities are faring better than those in close proximity to the dam. Furthermore, 24 of 40 items that represent each dimension have statistically significant lower means in the affected community. This result shows the long-lasting nature of negative effects on communities and without appropriate policy action, negative impacts will linger preventing developmental progress from occurring.


Amartya S. (1999). Development as Freedom. Important and influential synthesis of Sen’s work on human development and the Capability Approach. Oxford University Press.

Amornsakchai, S., Annez, P., Vongvisessomjai, S., & Choowaew, S. (2000). Pak Mun Dam, Mekong River Basin, Thailand: A WCD Case Study prepared as an input to the World Commission on Dams. Thailand Development Research Institute et. al.

Baker, L.(2004). Thai Baan Research in Lower Songkhram River Basin, Thailand: Reflections on Experience and Guidelines for Establishing Participatory Resource Research Elsewhere.

Baldwin, D., & Moses, L. (1996). The Ontogeny of Social Information Gathering. Child Development, 67(5), 1915-1939.

Cahyat, A., Gönner, C., & Haug, M. (2007). Assessing household poverty and wellbeing a manual with examples from kutai barat, Indonesia. Bogor Barat, Indonesia: Center for International Forestry Research.

Chaiyamart, P., Gartner, W., & delMas, R. (2021). Multidimensional well-being of residents affected by the Pak Mun Dam, Thailand. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 10(2), 261–269.

Decancq, K., and Lugo M.A. (2013), Weights in Multidimensional indices of Well-being: An Overview, Econometric Review.

Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2002). Finding on subjective well-being and their implications For empowerment. Champaign, IL, USA: University of Illinois.

English Summary Report, Thai Baan Research, Mekong Wetlands Biodiversity Program (MWP), Thailand.

Gasper. (2002). Is Sen's Capability Approach an Adequate Basis for Considering Human Development?, Review of Political Economy, 14:4, 435-461,

Gyasi, D., Asante, K.P., Frempong, M.T., Gyasi, D.K., Iddrisu, L.F., Ankrah, L., Dosoo, D., Adeniji, E., Agyei, O., Gyaase, S., Amenga-Etego, S., Gyan, B., & Owusu-Agyei, S. (2018). Epidemiology of soil transmitted Helminth infections in the middle-belt of Ghana, Africa. Parasite Epidemiology and Control, 3, e00071 - e00071.

Ian G. Baird., Manorom, K., Phenow, A., & Gaja-Svasti, S. (2020). What about the tributaries of the tributaries? Fish migrations, fisheries, dams and fishers’ knowledge in North-Eastern Thailand. International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor &Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 170-199.

Jayaratne, K.S., Bradley, L., & Driscoll, E. (2009). Impact evaluation of integrated extension programs: lessons learned from the community gardening program. The Journal of Extension,47.

Kahneman, D., Alan, B K., David, A S., Norbert, S., & Arthur, A S. (2004). A Survey Method for Characterizing Daily Life Experience: The Day Reconstruction Method. Science. 306:5702, pp. 1776–780.

Keyes, CL.(2006). Mental health in adolescence: is America's youth flourishing? The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. Jul;76(3):395-402.

Kiguchi, Y. (2016). Pak Mun Dam 25 years after world bank’s loan, problems remain Environmental Justice, Retrieved from

Knight, J. and Gunatilka, R. (2012). Income, aspirations and the Hedonic Treadmill in a poor society, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 82(1), 67-81.

Lehmkuhl, L. (1999), Health effects of long work hours, Retrieved from

Lerer, L B, & Scudder, T (1999). Health impacts of large dams. Environmental impact assessment review, 19(2), 113-123.

Luechinger, S. (2009). Valuing Air Quality Using the Life Satisfaction Approach. The Economic Journal, 119(536), 482-515.

Manorom K. & Maneephong T. (2006). Bot Samruat Sathanaphap Ngan Wichai Thang Sangkhomwihaya Nai Phak-Isaan Rawang Pho So. Ubon Ratchathani University.

Oishi, S., Diener, E. F., Lucas, R. E., & Suh, E. M. (1999). Cross-cultural variations in predictors of life satisfaction: Perspectives from needs and values. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(8), 980–990.

Olson, D. (1999). Empirical Approaches to Family Assessment. the Journal of Family Therapy.

Osberg, Lars, & Andrew. (2003). Human Well-being and Economic Well-being:What Values Are Implicit in Current Indices. CSLS Research Report Number2003-04 (available at under “Publications” – “Research Reports”) and paper presented at WIDER Conference, Helsinki, Finland, May 30-May 31.

Phongam, C.(2005). Discourse of Pak Mun Dam.[PhD dissertation, Mahasarakham University].

Quality Of Life Indices Across Countries, 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22045, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

Rahman, T. & Mittelhammer, R., & Wandschneider, P, (2003). A Sensitivity Analysis Of

Rishi, P., & Khuntia, G. (2012). Urban Environmental Stress and Behavioral Adaptation in Bhopal City of India. Urban Studies Research.

Salvaris, M. (2007). Cultural wellbeing indicators in programs and policy making. Report on a workshop for cultural development workers in government and the community. Cultural Development Network.

Streeten, P. P. (1995). Human development: means and ends. Pakistan Development Review, 34(4), 333.

Summers, JK., Smith, LM., Case, JL., & Linthurst, RA. (2012). A Review of the Elements of Human Well-Being with an Emphasis on the Contribution of Ecosystem Services. [Review]. Ambio, 41(4), 327–340,

White, N. (2006). A brief history of happiness. Blackwell Publishing.

Willmott, W. E. & Novitz, David. (1989). Culture and identity in New Zealand. [Wellington, N.Z.]: GP Books.

Woolcock, M. (2001). The place of social capital in understanding social and economic outcomes. Isuma - Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 2(1), 11-17.

World Bank. (2000). World Bank Comments on June 2000 Version of the Pak Mun Report.Ch 10, in Sakchai Amornsakchai, et al. Pak Mun Dam, Mekong River Basin, Thailand. A WCD Case Study prepared as an input to the World Commission on Dams. Final Draft., World Commission on Dams, Cape Town.

World Commission on Dams. (2000). Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision Making, Earthscan Publications Ltd., London.




How to Cite

Chaiyamart, P., Gartner, W. ., & Carlson, S. (2021). Pak Mun Dam’s long term impact on local residents’ livelihood. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 10(3), 391–402.



Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities & Social Sciences