Students’ and teachers’ attitude towards online classes during Covid-19 pandemic

A study on three Bangladeshi government colleges

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v10i3.1155

Keywords:

Covid-19 pandemic, Online Classes, Students’ attitude, Teachers’ attitude, Bangladesh College Education

Abstract

In this paper, students, and teachers' attitudes towards shifting to an entirely online learning environment were assessed due to COVID-19.  The main objective of the study was to investigate the students’ and teachers' attitudes towards Online learning during the COVID-19 situation in Bangladeshi Government Colleges. Findings revealed that cost and time-effectiveness, safety, convenience, and improved participation were the most frequently cited positive aspects of the online learning experience, while distraction and reduced focus, heavy workload, problems with technology and the internet, lack of ICT knowledge, and poor network infrastructure,  limited availability of educational resources, low attendance of learners, uncooperative learners and insufficient support from instructors and colleagues were the most recurrent negative aspects. The qualitative and quantitative research method was adopted, with semi-structured interviews conducted via Zoom with 10 College teachers and Focus group discussion conducted via Zoom with 18 and survey 100 college students via Google platform from three Bangladesh renowned Government College from Hons 1st year to masters’ level located in Rajshahi divisional district town of the country. A sample of these essays was analyzed using open coding. The findings of the study help instructors and institutions understand students’ and Teachers' attitudes regarding online teaching & learning under abnormal circumstances. Several recommendations informed by the interpretation of the participants’ feedback are offered to assist instructors, administrators, and policymakers improve future online learning experiences.  After conducting the whole study, it can be said that though have some problems adapting to online classes in three regarding BGCs colleges affiliated to the National University of Bangladesh, they are slowly becoming accustomed to it.  

Author Biographies

Nurul Islam, Shahid bulbul govt. College, Pabna, Bangladesh

Assistant Professor, Bangla

Sajedur Rahman, Rajshahi College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Assistant Professor, Economics

Nusrat Zerin Anny, Rajshahi College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Lecturer, Sociology

References

Adnan, M., & Anwar, K. (2020). Online Learning amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: Students' Perspectives. Online Submission, 2(1), 45-51.

Ally, M. (2004). Foundations of educational theory for online learning. Theory and practice of online learning, 2, 15-44.

Ali, W. (2020). Online and Remote Learning in Higher Education Institutes: A Necessity in light of COVID-19 Pandemic. Higher Education, 10(3).

Bao, W. (2020). COVID?19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2(2), 113-115.

Baloran, E. T. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes, Anxiety, and Coping Strategies of Students

during COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 1-8.

Benson, A. D. (2002). Using online learning to meet workforce demand: A case study of stakeholder influence. Quarterly review of distance education, 3(4), 443-52.

Chang, C. L., & Fang, M. (2020, June). E-Learning and Online Instructions of Higher Education during the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) Epidemic. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1574(1), 012166. IOP Publishing.

Cocks, K., & Torgerson, D. J. (2013). Sample size calculations for pilot randomized trials: a confidence interval approach. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 66(2), 197-201.

Conrad, D. (2002). Deep in the hearts of learners: Insights into the nature of online community.

Journal of Distance Education, 17(1), 1?19

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education. In Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1080/19415257.2011.643130

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Sage Publications, Inc.

Creswell, J. w. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. In SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Cresswell, J. w. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Cnducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. In Pearson (4th ed.).

De la Rama, J., Sabasales, M., Antonio, A., Ricohermoso, C., Torres, J., Devanadera, A., & Alieto, E.(2020). Virtual Teaching as the'New Norm’: Analyzing Science TAtoward Online Teaching, Technological Competence and Access. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technolog.

Dhawan, S. (2020). Online learning: A panacea in the time of COVID-19 crisis. Journal

of Educational Technology Systems, 49(1), 5-22

Dutta, S., & Smita, M. K. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Tertiary Education

in Bangladesh: Students’ Perspectives. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 8(09), 5

Dwyer, E. E. (1993). Attitude Scale Construction: A Review of the Literature.

Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Harcourt brace Jovanovich

college publishers.

Edwards, M. T., & Robinson, P. A. (2019). Baby Boomers and Online Learning: Exploring Experiences in the Higher Education Landscape. In Handbook of Research on Cross-Cultural Online Learning in Higher Education (pp. 271-290). IGI Global.

Everitt, Brian (1998). The Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics. Cambridge, UK New York:

Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521593465.

Farhana, Z., Tanni, S. A., Shabnam, S., & Chowdhury, S. A. (2020). Secondary Education During Lockdown Situation Due to Covid-19 Pandemic in Bangladesh: Teachers’ Response on Online Classes.

Fullerton, S. (2013). American marketing students’ attitudes towards online classes.

Galletta, A. (2013). Mastering the semi-structured interview and beyond: From research design to analysis and publication (Vol. 18). NYU press

Guo, S. (2020). Synchronous versus asynchronous online teaching of physics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Physics Education, 55(6), 065007.

Gold, S. (2001). A constructivist approach to online training for online teachers. Journal of

Asynchronous Learning Networks, 5(1), 35-57.

Brophy, J. L., & Good, T. E. (1990). Educational psychology: A realistic approach. 4th edn: White Plains. NY: Longman, 8-12.

Green, J., & Thorogood, N. (2009). Group interviews. Qualitative methods for health research, 123-146.

Glass, C. R. (2017). Self-expression, social roles, and faculty members’ attitudes towards online teaching. Innovative Higher Education, 42(3), 239-252.

Hosler, K. A., & Arend, B. D. (2013). Strategies and principles to develop cognitive presence in online discussions. In Educational communities of inquiry: Theoretical framework, research and practice (pp. 148-167). IGI Global.

Hitz, S., & Turnoff, M. (2005). Education goes digital; the evolution of online learning and the revolution in higher education. Association for Computing Machinery. Communication of the ACM, 48, 10-59.

Hussain, I. (2007). A study of student’s attitude towards virtual education in Pakistan. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 8(2), 69-79.

Hussain, I., Hussain, I., & Ramzan, M. (2019). Future Prospects of Virtual Education in

Pakistan: Opportunities and Challenges. Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 7(1), 149-163.

Hussein, E., Daoud, S., Alrabaiah, H., & Badawi, R. (2020). Exploring Undergraduate SAs towards Emergency Online Learning during COVID-19: A Case from the UAE. Children and Youth Services Review, 105699.

Ibrahim, D. Z., Silong, A. D., & Samah, B. A. (2002, February). Readiness and attitude towards online learning among virtual students. In 15th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities, Nueva Delhi, India.

Jick, T. D. (1979). Mixing qualitative and quantitative methods: Triangulation in action. Administrative science quarterly, 24(4), 602-611.

Johnson, R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has come. Educational researcher, 33(7), 14-26.

Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., ... & Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, 105194.

Karim, M. (2014). IT/ICT plan for higher education of Bangladesh: A significant investigation on present goes policy and upcoming policy recommendation. Banglavision Journal, 34-40.

Kasonde Ng’andu, F. H., Haambokoma, N., & Tomaida, M. (2013). The Contribution Of Behaviourism Theory To Education. Journal: Zambia Journal of Education, 4(1), 58-74.

Kang, Z., Yang, B., Yang, S., Fang, X., & Zhao, C. (2020). Online transfer learning with multiple source domains for multi-class classification. Knowledge-Based Systems, 190, 105149.

Kebritchi, M., Lipschuetz, A., & Santiague, L. (2017). Issues and challenges for teaching

successful online courses in higher education: A literature review. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 46(1), 4-29.

Klassen, A. C., Creswell, J., Clark, V. L. P., Smith, K. C., & Meissner, H. I. (2012). Best practices in mixed methods for quality of life research. Quality of Life Research, 21(3), 377-380.

Kim, K. J., & Bonk, C. J. (2006). The future of online teaching and learning in higher education. Educause quarterly, 29(4), 22-30.

Leahey, T. H. (2000). Control: A history of behavioral psychology. The Journal of American History, 87(2), 686.

Lembani, R., Gunter, A., Breines, M., & Dalu, M. T. B. (2020). The same course, different access: the digital divide between urban and rural distance education students in South Africa. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 44(1), 70-84.

Mahmud, K., & Gope, K. (2009, December). Challenges of implementing e-learning for higher education in least developed countries: a case study on Bangladesh. In 2009 international conference on information and multimedia technology (pp. 155-159). IEEE.

McCarthy, J. (2017). Enhancing feedback in higher education: SAs towards online and in-class formative assessment feedback models. Active Learning in Higher Education, 18(2), 127-141.

Mills, J. A. (1998). Control: A history of behavioral psychology (Vol. 14). NYU Press.

McBrien, J. L., Cheng, R., & Jones, P. (2009). Virtual spaces: Employing a synchronous online classroom to facilitate student engagement in online learning. International review of research in open and distributed learning, 10(3).

Mohapatra, A. K. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on Higher Education. Journal of Management and Public Policy, 11(2), 4-6.

Mohiuddin, A. K. (2020). Covid-19 Situation in Bangladesh.

Mondol, M. S., & Mohiuddin, M. G. (2020). Confronting Covid-19 with a paradigm shift in teaching and learning: a study on online classes. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 7(2), 231-247.

Moore, J. L., Dickson-Deane, C., & Galyen, K. (2011). e-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same? The Internet and Higher Education, 14(2), 129-135.

Nagashima, Y., Rahman, M., Al-Zayed Josh, S. R., Dhar, S. S., Nomura, S., Rahman, M. A., & Mukherjee, H. (2014). A Study on National University and Affiliated Colleges in Bangladesh.

Noor, S., Isa, F. M., & Mazhar, F. F. (2020). Online Teaching Practices During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Educational Process: International Journal, 9(3), 169.

Novick, M. R., & Lewis, C. (1967). Coefficient alpha and the reliability of composite measurements. Psychometrika, 32(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02289400

Lawshe, C. H. (1975). A quantitative approach to content validity. Personnel psychology, 28(4), 563-575.

Oranburg, S. (2020). Distance Education in the Time of Coronavirus: Quick and Easy Strategies for Professors. Available at SSRN.

Oblinger, D., Oblinger, J. L., & Lippincott, J. K. (2005). Educating the net generation. Boulder, Colo.: EDUCAUSE, c2005. 1 v.(various pagings): illustrations..

Palvia, S., Aeron, P., Gupta, P., Mahapatra, D., Parida, R., Rosner, R., & Sindhi, S. (2018). Online education: Worldwide status, challenges, trends, and implications.

Pawesty, A. R. (2012). The Implication Of Behaviourism Theory In Teaching Grammar For Elementary Students.

Parvin, S. (2013). Integrations of ICT in education sector for the advancement of the developing country: Some challenges and recommendations-Bangladesh perspective. International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology, 5(4), 81.

Paulus, T. M., Jackson, K., & Davidson, J. (2017). Digital tools for qualitative research: Disruptions and entanglements.

Radha, R., Mahalakshmi, K., Kumar, V. S., & Saravanakumar, A. R. (2020). E-learning during lockdown of Covid-19 pandemic: a global perspective. International journal of control and automation, 13(4), 1088-1099.

Rashid, S., & Yadav, S. S. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Higher Education and Research. Indian Journal of Human Development, 14(2), 340-343.

Reimers, F., Schleicher, A., Saavedra, J., & Tuominen, S. (2020). Supporting the continuation of teaching and learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Oecd, 1(1), 1-38.

Saul Carliner. (2004). An overview of online learning. Human Resource Development.

Sepulveda-Escobar, P., & Morrison, A. (2020). Online teaching placement during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chile: challenges and opportunities. European Journal of Teacher Education, 1-21.

Singh, V., & Thurman, A. (2019). How many ways can we define online learning? A systematic literature review of definitions of online learning (1988-2018). American Journal of Distance Education, 33(4), 289-306.

Sokal, L., Trudel, L. E., & Babb, J. (2020). Canadian teachers’ attitudes toward change, efficacy, and burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 100016.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-01

How to Cite

Afroz, R., Islam, N. ., Rahman, S., & Zerin Anny, N. (2021). Students’ and teachers’ attitude towards online classes during Covid-19 pandemic: A study on three Bangladeshi government colleges . International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 10(3), 462–476. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v10i3.1155

Issue

Section

Learning & Education