Community perceptions about Covid-19 and its socio-economic effects in Rwanda
Keywords:Key words: Perceptions, rollout, adherence, stay home orders, social distancing
The covid-19 crisis is global but its socio-economic effects cannot be globally scrutinized. It is deeply local and huge. The research aimed at finding out and assessing community perceptions about Covid-19 and its socio-economic effects in Rwanda. It would inspire policymakers to renovate measures and policies that would help in rehabilitating all sectors in general and more affected groups in particular. From 30 districts of Rwanda, 510 respondents have been sampled through convenience and judgmental techniques. Findings revealed that people misinterpret the pandemic which lowers their level of compliance to Covid-19 preventive measures. Stay home orders were not a fruitful time for families whereby 84% of respondents were victims of domestic and sexual violence. However, with 16%, it was a good time for family cohesion. Isolation and social values frustration, family disorganization and dysfunctional, depression, and anxiety are major social effects of Covid-19. Loss of jobs, decreased salaries, none compliance with preventive measures fines, incapacity to pay bank loans, inability to satisfy family basic needs, government extra investment in medical health care have enormously affected the Rwandan economy. Thus, there is a need of strengthening sensitization of covid-19 spread, preventive measures, short and long-term consequences associated with it. This would shift the population from their wrong perceptions of covid-19 and increase the rate of compliance to established measures so as to free Rwanda from the pandemic and return to a normal life situation.
Amiri, A. S. &Akram, M. (2020).COVID-19: The challenges of the human life, https://www.researchgate.net/profile/abdalah_amiri/publication/341508945_covid-19_the_challenges_of_the_human_life/links/5ec4e0f6299bf1c09acbfbbf/covid-19-the-challenges-of-the-human-life.pdf.
Babbie, E. & Mouton, J. (2010). The Practice of Social Research, 10th edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bazubagira, A. K.&Umumararungu, C. K. (2020). Self-reliance: A response to early childhood trauma among street children. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science, 9(6), 183-190, https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v9i6.901.
Bazubagira, A. K. & Umumararungu, C. K. (2021). Lack of Parental Gender Socialization of Children at Family Level and its Effects on Adulthood Gender Discrimination in Rwanda. HuriaJournal, 29 (1),1-16.
Bedford, J. (2019). Cross Border dynamics, Rwanda and DRC. In Social Science in Humanitarian Action Platform, Online:www.socialscienceinaction.org
Bizoza, A.&Sibomana, S. (2020). Indicative socio-economic effectss of the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak in Eastern Africa: Case of Rwanda. Available at SSRN 3586622, https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3586622
Chukwuka, O.&Ekerushe, A. (2020). Understanding the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on the Nigerian economy. Blog article, Focus in Africa.
Breckenridge, J. P., Jones, D., Elliott, I.& Nicol, M. (2012). Choosing a methodological path: Reflections on the constructivist turn. The Grounded Theory Review, 11 (1), 64-71.
Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), (2020). Understanding the Numbers: Provisional Death Counts and COVID-19. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/olderadults.
Chudik, A., Mohaddes, K., Pesaran, M. H., Raissi, M.&Rebucci, A. (2020). Economic Consequences of Covid-19: A Counterfactual Multi-Country Analysis. Center for Economic and Policy Research: Washington DC Retrieved from https://voxeu. org/article/economic-consequences-covid-19-multi-country-analysis.
Cousins, S. (2019). Isange One Stop Centre: Sanctuary from violence in Rwanda. The Lancet, HIV, 6(1) 10-12.
Fassiotti, C. &Kalisa, N. (2019). Secure Cross Borders Social Economic and commercial activities in the Great Lakes Regions. Research on Cross border Trade at Rusizi II(Rwanda) /Bukavu (DRC) Entry Point. Search for Common Ground.
Feldman, Y. (2011). Five models of regulatory compliance motivation: empirical findings and normative implications. Handbook on the Politics of Regulation, 335-347.
Howell, L. L. (2013). Compliant mechanisms. In 21st Century kinematics (189-216). Springer, London.
Human Right Watch, 2020. Human Rights Dimensions of COVID-19 Response. Follow our reporting on the effects of COVID-19 https://www/hrw.org/tag/coronavirus
IMF (2020). Request for disbursement under the Rapid Credit-facility -Press Release Rwanda, Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Rwanda, Rwanda Country Report No. 20/115.
Kalaylioglu, Y. (2020). The economic and social effects of COVID-19 on women and men: Rapid Gender Assessmentof COVID-19 implications in Turkey. UN Women: SVERIGE.
Kansiime, M. K., Tambo, J. A., Mugambi, I., Bundi, M., Kara, A., &Owuor, C. (2021). COVID-19 implications on household income and food security in Kenya and Uganda: Findings from a rapid assessment. World development, 137, 105199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105199.
Kitchin, R. & Tate, N. (2013). Conducting Research in Human Geography. Theory, Methodology and Practice. London : Routledge.
Michie, S., Van Stralen, M. M. & West, R. (2011). The behaviour change wheel: a new method for characterizing and designing behaviour change interventions. Implementation science, 6(1), 42.
MINECOFIN, (2020). Assessing the Effects and Risks of the Coronavirus outbreak on the Rwandan Economy. MINECOFIN. March, 2020.
Mold, A. (2020). Effects Assessment of Covid-19: The Case of Eastern Africa. Kigali, Rwanda: United Nation Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA): Sub-Regional Office for Eastern Africa.
Neuman, W.L. (2011). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 7thEdition. Pearson: Boston.
Nkurunziza, M. (2020). Teen Pregnancy: Activists call for way forward before school’s resume. The New Times, October, 2020. https://www.newtimes.co.rw.
NISR, (2019). Statistical Year Book, 2019. Kigali, Rwanda.
NISR, (2020). Labour Force Survey Trends-August 2020 (Q3). Kigali, Rwanda.
Parker, C.& Nielsen, V. L. (Eds.) (2011). Explaining compliance: Business responses to regulation. Edward Elgar: UK.
Parker, C.& Nielsen, V. (2012). Mixed Motives: Economic, Social, and Normative Motivationsin Business Compliance. Law & Policy, 34(4), 428-462.
Parker, C.& Nielsen, V. L. (2017). Compliance: 14 questions. Regulatory theory: Foundations and applications, 217-232.
Saladino, V., Algeri ,D.& Auriemma, V. (2020). The Psychological and Social Effects of Covid-19: New Perspectives of Well-Being. Frontier in Psychology, 11, 577-684. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.577684.
Rob, V., Will, M. & Laborde, D. (2020). How much will global poverty increase because of COVID-19? Washington D.C., USA: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Saunders, M.N.K., Lewis, P. & Thornhill, A. (2019). Research Methods Business Students,8thEdition. New York: Pearson.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2020). Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Situation Report-70, accessed October 24th, 2020.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2021). Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Africa Dashboard https://www.afro.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus-COVID-19.
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) (2020). ECA estimates billions worth of losses in Africa due to COVID-19 effects. https://www.uneca.org/stories/eca-estimates-billions-worth-losses-africadue-COVID-19-effects.
World Bank. (2020). East Asia and Pacific: Countries Must Act Now to Mitigate Economic Shockof COVID-19. Washington D.C., USA.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Christine Kapita Umumararungu, Appoline Kapita Bazubagira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to IJRBS agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution- 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. Authors retain the copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to IJRBS. However, authors are required to transfer copyrights associated with commercial use to the Publisher. The authors agree to the terms of this Copyright Notice, which will apply to this submission if and when it is published by this journal
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication